Author Topic: Documentaries  (Read 12129 times)

December 02, 2018, 10:37 AM
Reply #150
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Tonight, an exceptional conference is taking place on the forum about "Degrowth". I've translated articles and gathered information, I hope there is no grammar or spelling mistake. The scholars of the forum like humbert, Vasudev or akaubee are invited to react to this conference.




The growth, an old moon to forget ?
Economic expansion being no longer able to reduce inequalities and fueling global warming, the debate on post-growth resurfaces.

For Camille Grandjean, it starts with a simple question about supermarket products: "Do I really need it? At home, this is followed by a series of small actions: limiting waste, recovering some of the shower water to water the plants. "I also make a lot of my cosmetics and household products," says the 34-year-old nurse at the University Hospital of Nice. I have always been sensitive to ecology, but my path towards decreasing has been very gradual. "
Her children still struggle to convert to the white clay toothpaste they are preparing, but they support her. Just like her husband. "I live more in coherence with my ideals," she explains, "before nuancing: even if I am still in the middle of a contradiction. Because some habits are more difficult to let go than others, confides the one who "confesses" to own an iPhone.
In a few days the COP24 on global warming will be held in Katowice (Poland) from December 2 to 14, and these questions and doubts torment more and more people.
At least those who were shocked by the resignation of Nicolas Hulot of the Ministry of the ecological and solidarity transition, and scared by the lack of commitment of governments.
Those, finally, that the multiplication of the alarmist reports on the climatic disorder caused by the human activity questions:
how to come out of a model that, if nothing changes, will lead us into the wall? How to change our lifestyles and consumption habits to limit our impact on the environment? And this, while the episode of "yellow vests" has brutally highlighted how delicate the ecological transition is when it is not accompanied by social justice. The debate is emerging even within the Church, usually not involved in the economic debate. "The time has come to go towards a certain decline, "said Pope Francis in the encyclical Laudato si, in 2015." The climate and social emergency is such that the society is willing to find another model", notes Eddy Fougier, political scientist, associate researcher at the Institute of International and Strategic Relations (IRIS). Even though this is not yet visible on a large scale, practices are changing. "

"An UMBRELLA CONCEPT"
However, thinking about the environmental misdeeds of growth is not new. It began in the early 1970s, around the Meadows report entitled The Limits of Growth (1972) for the Club of Rome, calling for curbing economic expansion, and written by Nicholas Georgescu-Roegen. This statistician was one the first to emphasize that an infinite development of activity is incompatible with a world where, by definition, natural resources are limited.
In France, those who are sensitive to these ideas have gradually regrouped during the 2000s under the banner of "degrowth", based on a critique of the consumer society and liberalism. Today, they form a current crossed by several theoretical schools. In Europe and in the United States, some people also work on this subject. "Degrowth is an umbrella concept, both political, economic and social, and includes several more or less radical ideas, "says Giorgos Kallis, an economist specialized in ecology at the Autonomous University of Barcelona.
Some of them reject violently the notions of "green growth" and "Sustainable development", judging them as a marketing stalemate hindering real change. Other estimate On the contrary that all means to transform our lifestyles are good to follow. Some, again, insist on the need to curb the growth of the world population. But all agree on one point: the criticism of the gross domestic product (GDP), today at the heart of our public policies.

It is true that in the post-war period, and until the 1980s, economic growth was mechanically translated into increase in well-being, in both industrialized and emerging countries. "But since then, the relationship is no longer true," says Tim Jackson, a professor of sustainable development at Surrey University.
First, because industrial activity generates pollution that further deteriorates the quality of life. In addition, some of the growth is now driven by spending related to problems caused by climate change - floods, droughts, rising waters ... Finally, the fruits of this growth are less and less well distributed among social classes. "Not only does it deteriorate the conditions of life on earth, but it does not allow reduce inequalities and promote well-being ", summarizes Dominique Bourg, philosopher at the University of Lausanne, committed alongside Delphine Batho, the president of Génération Ecologie.

The work of economist Thomas Piketty has also highlighted the increase in inequalities over the last 30 years in developed economies. In particular in the United States, where the share of national income going to 10% of
The wealthiest taxpayers have risen from 34% to 47% since 1980, while it has risen from 33% to 37% in Europe. This is why supporters of another model suggest changing the compass. And giving priority, instead of GDP, to a set of indicators to measure the degree of equality, health and carbon footprint. Above all, they call on governments to no longer base their strategy on the quest for growth, but rather that of the well-being of the population. "It involves transforming individual behaviors, but also how the state, taxation, and social systems work.  How? By increasing taxes on fossil fuels in order to accelerate the development of renewable energies,
or goods and services that have a negative impact on the environment. By raising taxes on wealthy households to limit inequalities.
 In September, these questions were debated in the European Parliament at a conference devoted to "post-growth". The first of its kind, celebrated as a great advance by the movement. In the process, François Ruffin, the French deputy for France, made a long speech in front of the National Assembly, describing the economic expansion as a "scam": "You will depict your growth with all the adjectives of the world - green, sustainable ... Who will believe that we will produce more and pollute less? But beyond that, these ideas still struggle to find a serious echo in the political arena, where the fundamental debate on the socio-economic model remains difficult. Moreover, Its supporters are often caricatured as sweet crazy advocating the return to the candle, or moralizing technophobes tightening their belts. This may be due to the vocabulary they use. Originally conceived as a good marketing move, the word degrowth, evokes regression and withdrawal, and not a dream.
"Any political proposal from a movement by this name will be ignored or rejected by political and economic leaders," says physicist Dennis Meadows. Conscious of this limit, its promoters try to replace it with notions such as a-growth or post-growth. And insist on the positive spin-offs that a change of model would generate: relocations in the face of globalization, cooperatives in the face of competition...

But the skepticism that arises from their proposals is not just about semantics. Many economists outside the movement believe it is lack of realism and therefore difficult to apply. "With equal world GDP, a better distribution of wealth between continents would imply a decline in income in rich countries that would not be socially accepted. In addition, doing better using less resources can be done in the context of growth, "said Alexandre Delaigue, economist at the University of Lille-I. "In theory, going to post-growth is quite simple, but it gets complicated when you get down to the practical matters, recognizes Fabrice Flipo, philosopher of science and technology, environmental risk specialist."
Admittedly, the academic research devoted to the subject is expanding. But without a turnkey solution, it’s difficult to be heard by the greatest number. Especially since the movement suffers from a self-esteem. "White and over-educated people are clearly over-represented for Vincent Liegey, coordinator of the collective organization of international conferences on degrowth.
Moreover, the change comes up against a generational gap. "Questioning growth is difficult to apprehend in those aged over 50, raised during the" thirty glorious ". The majority of them are at the head of companies, large administrations and in political circles. So they basically have no interest in reforming the system. "There is no political relay to change the number of its initiatives that abound at the local level, "regrets Mr. Bourg.
Even those who want it face a big problem: that of time. Measures likely to limit global warming will have a tangible effect only in several decades, while most are very costly in the short term. "No party will win an election with such a program," says Mr. Meadows, pessimistically. Others, like Trebeck, remain convinced that changes can happen faster than people think. "They will go through the new generations, who have not grown up in the myth of happy growth," says the young woman. It is they who will transform the heart of the system. "
« Last Edit: December 02, 2018, 10:43 AM by scarface »

December 07, 2018, 06:04 PM
Reply #151
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Tonight, an article of the New York Times will be discussed.

Maybe some of you heard of the Paris agreement about climate change.
The New York Times released an interesting article, where it states that 3 years after nearly 200 countries signed a landmark climate agreement in Paris, they are still far off-track from preventing severe global warming in the decades ahead.
The article does not precise it, but emissions in Europe kept increasing, and the black sheep is...France. Its CO2 emissions rose by...3% in 2017. It’s a paradox for a country which hosted the conference about climate change.
But the bad students are the Asian countries. If globally emissions are still increasing, it’s essentially due to 2 countries in Asia, India and China.
As for The US, The Trump Administration has spent 2018 systematically gutting US federal climate policy. If the proposed actions are fully implemented, greenhouse gas emissions projections for the year 2030 could increase by up to 400 MtCO2e over what was projected when Pres. Trump entered office. That’s almost as much as the entire state of California emitted in 2016.
And yet, the US could be considered as the good student, since it had in 2017 the largest decline in CO2 emissions in the world for 9th time this century.
Here is a link for the article of the NYT: https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2018/12/07/climate/world-emissions-paris-goals-not-on-track.html

December 11, 2018, 03:59 PM
Reply #152
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This evening, a shootout took place in Strasbourg, and apparently it could be a Jihadist attack.

A 29-year-old man, who was known by the police for his radicalization, opened fire at around 8 pm in the center of Strasbourg, killing at least two people and wounding eleven, seven being seriously wounded. An investigation was opened in Paris.
The shooter escaped.

some news here: https://www.lemonde.fr/societe/live/2018/12/11/en-direct-fusillade-dans-le-centre-de-strasbourg-au-moins-deux-morts-et-onze-blesses_5396038_3224.html
« Last Edit: December 11, 2018, 04:03 PM by scarface »

December 15, 2018, 06:11 PM
Reply #153
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Here are a few interesting articles released today...


Climate Negotiators Reach an Overtime Deal to Keep Paris Pact Alive
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/12/15/climate/cop24-katowice-climate-summit.html

France 'yellow vest' protesters defy government to gather
https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-46577598

Yemen war: Can ceasefire deal finally bring peace ?
https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-46575544

December 23, 2018, 01:29 PM
Reply #154
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Tonight, I'm going to hold a conference about Mozambique. Maybe some of you know this country, located in Africa.




Mozambique in the hell of debt

Mozambique has increased infrastructure spending and concealed the cost. It is now the most indebted country of Africa and plunges into the crisis.

Leaning on a barrier at the end of the pier, Henrique Maundzi nonchalantly watches the passengers get on his boat. Behind him stands, majestically, a bridge, with gigantic dimensions, which spans the bay of Maputo, the capital of Mozambique. For the boatman, who has been transporting hundreds of people from one bank to another for ten years, this bridge, just inaugurated, has all the signs of a Nemesis: "Passenger traffic has decreased by 75% since its opening" he explains, while his boat, with ten seats, is filling up in dribs ad drabs. Nevertheless, the forty-year-old can not help but feel a certain pride. "Yes, we have fewer people ... But that's it, development. And not all countries have that!".

Open to traffic on November 10, the book aligns the records. Largest infrastructure erected in Mozambique since independence in 1975, it is also, according to its promoters, the longest suspension bridge in Africa, with its 3 kilometers long. Its price is also colossal: 785 million dollars (688 million euros), of which 85% comes from a Chinese loan, which are added to a mountain of problematic debts. A symbol of the dreams of greatness of a nation ravaged by civil war and blessed by the discovery of immense gas reserves, this bridge has become especially a wake-up call for all of the abysmal debt that curbs the economy.

On Wednesday, December 19, President Filipe Nyusi, in his annual keynote address to Parliament, assured that the state of health of the nation was "stable and inspiring confidence", while avoiding to expand on the subject of debt. Last week, however, his government approved a budget that widens deficits, while the central bank sounded the alarm on the slippage of domestic debt. Mozambique now has the highest public debt, as a share of GDP, of the African continent, rising from 40% of GDP in 2012 to 113% in 2018, according to IMF figures. And It will have to pay 30 million euros of interest per year.

January 01, 2019, 10:37 AM
Reply #155
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Tonight, I'm going to talk about climate change with an interesting article.

The Paris agreement set a goal of limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius over pre-industrial levels. Climate Action Tracker measures countries’ progress toward meeting this goal and the latest report finds that just two countries, The Gambia and Morocco, currently have policies that meet the 1.5-degree target.

Wind turbines along the Morocco coast, near the town of Tarfaya.


Scientific evidence shows that a 2-degree warmer world will be far more disastrous for civilization than a world that warms by 1.5 degrees or less.
Climate Action Tracker’s Yvonne Deng notes that the group’s ratings take into account the unique situations of each country.

“When you look at the overall emission reductions that we need to see globally, it doesn't mean that every country has to reduce their emissions,” she explains. “Countries that are still developing need to be allowed to increase their emissions from current levels. Countries that have already developed really need to look at decreasing emissions.”

When it comes to global emission reductions across different counties, wealthy countries simply need to do more than their poorer counterparts.
There are various approaches to figuring out how to share global emission reductions across different countries, Deng says. One approach looks at per capita emissions and tries to calculate reductions between now and some future date; another approach factors in what some countries have already emitted to further their own development; a third approach says that wealthy countries simply need to do more than their poorer counterparts.

Climate Action Tracker looks at “the whole range of possible emission levels per country, in any of these approaches,” Deng says, “and then determines what we call the ‘fair share range’ of emission reductions — and that informs our rating scale.”
In addition to rating each of the countries’ commitments under Paris, Climate Action Tracker also uses what they call their CAT Thermometer, a tool that measures global temperature rise under various scenarios. For example, they’ve calculated that if countries do what they've committed to doing under the Paris agreements, the world will see a rise of about 3 degrees Celsius by the end of this century.
“The good news,” Deng says, “is that we have almost all the technologies available that we need for this. … [T]he challenge really is in getting them out there and getting them scaled up. So, this is a political problem. It's a question of willingness to do it. It's not a question of figuring out how to do it technically; that would be even scarier. But we know how to do it.”

Most countries have not yet met their commitments under the Paris climate agreements, and Climate Action Tracker rates a small group of countries as “critically insufficient or highly insufficient.” These include Russia, Ukraine, Saudi Arabia, Turkey and the US.
Deng notes that in the US, state and local level governments are working to find ways to reduce emissions, but at the federal level, under the Trump administration, there is not only a lack of action but a reversal of direction.

Morrocco’s former environment minister, Hakima El Haite, finds this inexplicable.
“I’ll be very frank,” El Haite says. “When you see America withdraw from the Paris agreement, I'm not only disappointed, I'm feeling that politicians are not taking their responsibilities seriously. The United States was a leading country during the negotiation, and now, as President Trump decided to withdraw from the Paris agreement, they are still blocking the negotiation. This is not right.”
Morocco has been on a path to a low-carbon economy for decades, El Haite points out. She says her country has understood since 1964 that climate change is a problem they need to address. What’s more, she points out, the whole of Africa accounts for only four percent of global carbon emissions.
“The ones who are impacting the world are the fuel producers and industrial developers,” she says.
“Those countries should lead the negotiations. I’m thinking about the United States, Russia, China, Europe, et cetera. So, I'm really feeling disappointed — as a Moroccan, as an African, as a citizen of the world — and feeling that those who are blocking the negotiation now are not taking responsibility. Many millions and millions of people will die because of this decision.”

January 05, 2019, 03:31 PM
Reply #156
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Here are a few interesting articles.

In Pakistan:
By building a wire fence at the Afghan border, Islamabad, suspected by the international community of nurturing the Taliban, is trying to prove that it wants to keep them away.
https://www.lemonde.fr/international/article/2019/01/04/au-pakistan-la-cloture-du-double-jeu_5405172_3210.html

The yellow jackets.
"The yellow vests" want to escape the feeling of dispossession.
For researchers Ivan Bruneau and Julian Mischi, the social protest movement reflects the malaise of the populations established in the rural communes that are lacking everything, including the political organizations that are absent from these areas.
https://www.lemonde.fr/idees/article/2019/01/03/les-gilets-jaunes-veulent-rompre-avec-le-sentiment-de-depossession_5404581_3232.html

Climate 2019. Democracy under pressure from the environment
To comply with the Paris agreement, governments must put in place radical and unpopular measures. Or accept to suffer the effects of global warming which, moreover, bring the least democratic political movements to power.
https://www.lemonde.fr/idees/article/2019/01/03/la-democratie-a-l-epreuve-de-l-environnement_5404750_3232.html


I assume that if some users like shadow.97 or Maher are currently so busy, maybe it's because they have decided to become some..yellow jackets.
« Last Edit: January 05, 2019, 03:38 PM by scarface »

January 06, 2019, 01:49 PM
Reply #157
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Maybe some of you have seen the video with a former champion French boxer, caught on camera punching riot police as Yellow Vest activists clash with officers, on Saturday 5 December.
As riot police struggled to prevent yellow vest protesters from crossing the Leopold-Sédar-Senghor bridge several protesters can be seen forcing officers back.
He was identified as Christophe Dettinger, 36. On Sunday, he was on the run after investigating sources in Paris confirmed he was the boxer who won France's Light Heavyweight title in October 2007.
video here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gWPY37xJNhA

January 12, 2019, 06:26 AM
Reply #158
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On Saturday morning, a powerful explosion destroyed a bakery in central Paris on Saturday morning, injuring at least 12 people and blowing out dozens of nearby windows after a suspected gas leak. We don't know if it was an attack or an accident yet.

According to reports, at least five people were critically injured in the explosion, which smashed windows in surrounding buildings and damaged a number of parked cars.

A fire broke out after the blast at around 9am, which occurred at a bakery (boulangerie) on Rue de Trévise in the busy 9th arrondissement of the city. 
Around 200 firefighters were mobilised to battle the fire and rescue residents in neighbouring buildings, Interior Minister Christophe Castaner told reporters at the scene.


January 12, 2019, 07:34 AM
Reply #159
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Today, some interesting new hit the headlines, and I finally decided to translate an article about Israel.


On Friday, hundreds of rioters demonstrated in front of the Museum of Contemporary Art in Haifa in Israel. The users of the forum like Maher or aa1234779 must be thinking: “It must be very important. Maybe they are protesting for actions against climate change. Or they are demanding the liberation of Palestine”

Actually, hundreds of Christians demonstrated in front of the Haifa Museum of Contemporary Art Friday to protest against a work of art titled Mc Jesus depicting a crucified Ronald McDonald's.
Apparently, the son of God has become the son of the junk food God:



The demonstrators tried to force the doors of the establishment to take down the work of art. Incidents broke out with the police who were stoned. Three members of the police were wounded in the head. The night before, an incendiary device had been launched against the museum.

MC Jesus represents Ronald, McDonald's yellow and red clown, nailed to a thick wooden cross. The Finnish artist Jani Leinonen created the work as part of an exhibition called Sacred Goods whose theme is, as the name suggests, the sacralization of consumer goods. Jani Leinonen, 41, specializes in misappropriating brand images and strategies. He was sentenced in 2012 for stealing a plastic pillar from a McDonald's restaurant that he later destroyed. Two of his installations were exhibited in August 2015 at Dismaland, an ephemeral and artistic attraction park designed by the street artist Banksy in Great Britain.

Warning signs in the museum
On Thursday, the Minister of Culture Miri Regev wrote to the Director General of Haifa Museums, asking for the withdrawal of the work. In her letter, she indicates that she received "many complaints" for "serious insult to the feelings of the Christian community". "The contempt of sacred symbols for religions is illegitimate and can not be displayed in a cultural institution backed by public funds," she wrote.

The museum management refuses to do anything. However, she decided to place warning signs at the entrance of the exhibition to indicate that the work could be perceived as offensive. According to the Haifa Museum, the debate on art should not sink into violence. As for Mc Jesus, it is part of an exhibition on consumerism that "refers to the cynical use of religious symbols by multinationals".